The 16th NAM summit took place during from 26 to 31 August 2012 in Tehran, Iran and turn out to be huge success ,even UN Secretary General Mr Ban Ki Moon [defying US/Israel]attended inaugural session.The representatives from 150 countries attended the summit , the attendance at the highest level includes 27 presidents,2 kings and emirs,7 prime ministers,9 vice presidents,2 parliament spokesmen and 5 special envoys.At the summit, Iran took over from Egypt as Chair of the Non-Aligned Movement for the period 2012 to 2015.The Chinese representative also spoke at summit [observer].
This is real challenge to concept of unipolar world and USA domination of the world.It is clear reflection that world is not blind follower of US policies&its hegemony.
History of NAM :
During cold war the erstwhile USSR and USA used to dominate the world politics ,the world was divided into two powerful blocks, one lead by USA and another by USSR.Both powers started building 'Weapons of Mass Destruction'[WMD] to face each other in case of "World War "
The concept Non -Alignment Movement which came into existence in the former Yugoslavia in 1961, the NAM represents nearly two-thirds of the UN members and about 55 percent of the world population.NAM currently consists of 120 members, 17 observer countries and 10 observer organizations. China became a NAM observer in September 1992.
It was brainchild of Yugoslavia's president, Mr. Josip Broz Tito; Indonesia's first president,Mr Sukarno; Egypt's second president, Mr.Gamal Abdel Nasser; Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah; and India's first prime minister, Mr. Jawaharlal Nehru . NAM means it is neither supporter of US or USSR,but chooses to remain neutral in world with an aim to work for world peace and solidarity.
Main Principles of NAM :
The five principles were:
- Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty
- Mutual non-aggression
- Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs
- Equality and mutual benefit
- Peaceful co-existence
There is growing opposition to US policies&its tendency to dominate the world politics,which lead to many countries opting to join NAM block.It is evident that the NAM is going play huge role in coming years in world politics providing alternative to feudalistic US oppressive policies.