Saturday, October 22, 2011

What is Occupy Wall Street Movement ?

What is Occupy Wall Street Movement?

This is a new urban revolution,the Hundreds of people,even with pets [like dogs]gathered and occupied Zuccotti park plaza [NY],now it is called as 'Liberty park' in support of movement called"Occupy Wall Street Movement",while Zuccotti park neighbors complains about the noise of drums,garbage and people defecating near their doorsteps and the police looking to crackdown the OWS movement by charging with misdemeanor against the celebrities addressing the gathering at Zuccotti park and legal firms offering services like legal protection shields for the  participants,who may face any legal  action[like trespass or public nuisance]for being member of OWS movement,interestingly,similar movements started in London called "Occupy London Stock Exchange movement".It is reported in media that OWS has spread to over 90 countries[including Asian countries]across the world .
Greek youth getting inspiration from UK riots, which was started by unemployed youth,who were chasing few jobs or even one job and indulging in riots.Even in India,Telangana region's[which is in south Indian state called Andhra Pradesh]hundred of  educated unemployed youth chasing few government jobs and alleging that their jobs being fleeced by the youth,who are non-locals.Some of them[more than 600 students/youth]committing suicides,which resulted in mass movement with a  demand for separate state to protect their interest.
I don't see any difference between UK riots or Greek riots or s Delhi's Ram Leela grounds crowd gathering to support the  anti-corruption bill to clean up Indian system or Telangana mass movement,their demands are the same ,that is common good of the people,it may be employment,social equality,good governance or decent standard of living.
I don't see any difference between A.P High Court Advocates being physically lifted by the police for agitating for Telangana state or London Officials directing the people to vacate premises of the London Stock Exchange or operation Zoccutti park  clean up.

What is Occupy Wall Street Movement ?
The common questions asked by the commoners;what is OWS movement[ Zuccotti Park]?what are its demands?who is the author and inspire'r of the movement ?Why they are pushing such movement?Whether it has political agenda like overthrowing incumbent government and placing opposition in power?Whether movement's main aim is to change the political system or economic system ?Whether movement is pro-Marxist or Leninist agenda or free market agenda?Whether movement purely directed towards merely correcting faulty or defective financial system and expose the corporate greed?whether movement purely directed towards promoting social equality by reducing unemployment, promoting public health care,education or housing?Whether movement is the assertion of American Nationalism and promoting patriotic spirit among the nationals?Whether it is purely resentment of public that public money being spent in wars in the name of 9/11? 
We don't have immediate answer to above questions, because the main theme of the movement is not yet framed ,we don't know who has taken responsibility of framing the main issues of the movement.What we understand it is moral movement or value-based movement to restore the new world order.

The most protagonist of OWS movement allege that when America call itself world police or mentor of the world,when US itself is in myriad problems[financial crises to unemployment],How it can do justice to its own self -imposed duty of mentoring the world and world policing.
There is lot of resentment among the Americans for bailing out of big financial companies,who are responsible for financial mess or crises?There is deep sense of anger among Americans  and Europeans,directed towards big corporation for their greed for money at the cost of people's welfare and national's well being.
The most protesting people and experts were angry at US military spending in the name of 9/11 attacks,It is reported in media that US Congress had approved a total of about $859 billion for the military operations, base security, reconstruction, foreign aid, embassy costs and veterans’ health care for the three operations initiated since the 9/11 attacks: Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan, Operation Noble Eagle (ONE) to provide enhanced security at military bases abroad, and, Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF),what they called unproductive expenditure,while household and employment earning has been robust.
The people are critical of diverting money for unproductive expenses like war in the name of fighting terrorism,which resulted in financial crises.The experts say that US’s total public debt is over 100% of its GDP.
In the present global order,the corporates are flourishing by  plundering public wealth and other hand,thousand  of people are suffering from unemployed,poor public health and housing,there is growing sense of frustration in the youth population.
The Republican senator McCain gave an public statement expressing his sympathy with OWS movement,even Mr.ManMohan Singh,Indian Prime Minister and U.P.A Chairperson,Mrs Sonia  Gandhi expressing concern about growing  Corruption and giving public statement,they too supporting the Anna Hazare anti- corruption movement,eventually doing nothing to weed out of scourge of corruption.  

We don't know the immediate result of OWS movement and how the state will treat such movements.Whether OWS movement will achieve any result is hypothetical question.But created huge impact on the minds of general people,social scientist or social critics and there is a huge debate that the people wont keep quite,when state ignores welfare of the people by diverting public money for unproductive expenditure like war,there is also a debate in academic circles,what is an alternate to capitalism or free market economy,when corporates are being criticized for unjust profits and greed for money. 

References :

Thursday, October 20, 2011

Bullying and Ragging in Schools or Colleges

Bullying and Ragging in Schools or Colleges:

In USA,the October month is regarded as "Bullying Prevention Awareness month",every student is a victim of bullying or ragging in schools or colleges or universities.The various studies have indicated that children who indulge in bulling,he or she more likely to have a criminal  personality traits by the age of 24.The Children,who indulge bullying may continue to be bullies as an adults, and are more prone to becoming child and spouse abusers.

The bullies may be become a victim of substance/Alcohol  abuse and one of the possible reasons of excessive bullying or ragging is being a product of negligent parenting[working parents with irresponsible attitude ]or due to matrimonial discords or due to single parenting or personality disorders,or psychological  disorders like depression or anger or jealousy of performance of fellow students,but bullying and ragging[welcome gesture to fresher]to a extent is fun,if it is in form of mild teasing,if it exceeds limits,it is regarded as perverted and deviant behavior.It ought to be regarded as criminal act,when ragging or bullying takes criminal dimensions.

The incidence of bullying[adult or child]are reported in schools,play grounds,social&recreation clubs,Shopping malls, work places,hospitals,universities,colleges,public transport and other public places. 
Bullying :
Bullying is an intentional acts to harm others physically, emotionally,verbally or mentally.The bullying may takes place in school or neighborhood,there are many cases of cyber bullying are also reported or cyber stalking also perpetuated by unknown person in social networking websites ,the bullying also involves threats,intimidation,coercion.The sexual abuse and racial abuse in schools or colleges is also one of the form of bullying.
The act of bullying or ragging  is perpetuated by one  individual or one or  more individuals forming in group to  bully one individuals or another group of individuals[peer].
  • The bullying should be taken seriously by school management. 

  • Every school should have child counselor or psychiatrist to tackle such behavioral problems. 

  • The parents should be informed about child's misbehavior.

  • The parents should be given counselling and they should be suggested to spend more time with children to rectify the behaviors.

  • Prevention is better than cure ,the good character of child can be molded at an early age to avoid further embarrassing problem of adult life [criminal acts or spouse abuse or substance abuse or suicides]. 
  • The counselling of victims should also be undertaken to avoid psychological or behavioral problems or suicides as result of guilt or shame or helplessness.

Ragging in Colleges /Universities:

One of the worrying factor in the present educational system in India and other countries is Ragging or teenage bullying,which is rampant in colleges or universities, despite laws enacted to curb such deviant behavior of students.

The fresher faces ragging in all educational institutes.There are several instances of ragging reported in prestigious engineering and medical institutes,several suicide cases were also reported.  

UGC Regulation On Curbing The Menace Of Ragging In Higher Educational Institutions, 2009 

This regulation was framed by University Grants Commission ,India, after directions given by the Hon'ble Supreme court in University of Kerala v/s. Council, Principals, Colleges and others case,(2006) 8 SCC 304. 

This regulation defined what constitute ragging and what are remedial measures are to be taken by management of institute to prevent the scourge of ragging ,one of important provision is formation of the committees to  look into complaints of ragging and referring for necessary action like rustication [TC] from the institute and instituting appropriate legal action like filing criminal case under appropriate provisions of the law. 

 Circular of UGC-No. F. 1-127/2011 (Anti Ragging)

All institutions are required to take necessary steps for its implementation in toto including the monitoring mechanism as per provisions provided in the above regulation and ensure its strict compliance.
The following preventive measures for Anti-Ragging should also be strictly followed:-

1) The Institutions may erect suitable hoardings/bill boards/banners in prominent places within the campus to exhort the students to prevent or not to indulge in ragging and also indicating therein the names of the officials and their telephone numbers to be contacted in case of ragging.
2) All Educational Institutions should form an Anti-Ragging-Committee and squads and dedicated cadre of wardens and professional counselors to ensure that the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court of India and Justice Raghavan Committee recommendations are followed without exception.

3) An affidavit must be obtained from every Student, Parent/Guardian separately as per clause (m & n) of Regulation 6.2.
4) The Institution may also undertake other forms of campaign as it may consider appropriate for prevention of ragging.
5) UGC has uploaded a film on anti-ragging on its website. All universities and colleges are requested to download the same and give wide publicity amongst the students, before the start of the academic session. Besides, this may be constantly monitored during the entire period of the academic session.
Any violation of UGC regulations as cited above or if any Institution fails to take adequate steps to prevent ragging or act in accordance with these regulations or fails to punish perpetrators of incidents of ragging suitably, UGC shall call for punitive action against erring institutions.

Students in distress owing to ragging related incidents can access the toll free helpline -1800-180-5522

There is a need to initiate more measures to curb the menace of ragging ,ironically ,the issue of ragging is taken seriously at the time of admission and freshers enter institute ,while ragging continues all round the year and it will continue subsequent year.  


 The cyber stalking /bullying

This is latest trend in present generation of students, and youngsters ,perpetrators[known or unknown]target gullible students in social networking websites like Face Book or Orkut.The several cases of posting of morphed photos or other mischievous cyber criminal acts to defame and humiliate their targets were reported,especially, when female student spurn the companionship offer or love or marriage proposal of male students ,such attracts the provisions of cyber laws[IT Act 2000 as amended 2008] and normal laws like Indian Penal code.


There are cases where college students throwing acid or injuring  innocent college girls ,merely because they spurned their offer of friendship or dating.  

The UGC should initiate action against university or institute ,which are not following regulations in letter and spirit and equally school management should also take steps to ensure there is no bullying in school.

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