- The University Grants Commission Act, 1956
- The All India Council for Technical Education Act, 1987
- The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961
- National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007
- The National Council for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004
- The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act,1995
- The National Council of Teacher Education Act, 1993
- The Apprentices Act, 1961
- Right to Education Act,2010
- Unni Krishnan, J.P., v. State of A.P. and Others, 1993 AIR 217, 1993 SCR (1) 594, 1993 SCC (1) 645, JT 1993 (1) 474, 1993 SCALE (1)290- The Supreme Court held that the right to basic education is implied by the fundamental right to life and disagreed with the finding in the earlier case of Mohini Jain v State of Karnataka 1992 AIR 1858.
- T.M.A. Pai Foundation & Ors. vs. State of Karnataka & Ors. (Pai Foundation case) [2002,8 SCC 481] the State can’t impose its reservation policy on minority and non-minority unaided private colleges, including professional colleges.
- Islamic Academy of Edn. & Anr. vs. State of Karnataka & Ors (Islamic Academy of Education case,2003[2003 SCC 677] gave more freedom to minority institutions for admission.
- P.A. Inamdar & Ors. vs. State of Maharashtra & Ors,AIR 2005 ,3226 SC; S.C held that reservation is private institutions is un Constitutional.
- Prof. Yashpal & Anr. V State of Chhattisgarh & Ors. [Prof .Yaspal case] JT 2005 (2) SC 165,2005,Chhatis garh Chhattisgarh Niji Kshetra Vishwavidaylaya (Sthapana Aur Viniyaman) Adhiniyam, 2002 notiication of formation of private universities are declared to be ultra virus and are struck down
One of the issue of concern is falling standards of higher education in India and the irony is that quality of research has come down, there is no encouragement of original research in some of universities.Only 10-15 % of students are opting higher education. There is large gap between industry needs and student standards. The curriculum is not updated periodically to match changing needs of industry and society. India is signatory to WTO agreement , as per agreement the service sector needs to opened for international players, where as our educational standards are not in position to match international standards and face international competition.