On his death in 632 the Prophet left no clear message as to how leadership of the Muslim community should devolve after him. After the death of Prophet ,Abu Baker ,his father –in-law was elected successor,[seat of preacher] to the great prophet.
Imamia shias are divided into akbari and Usuli ;
The dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act,1939-was enacted to provide relief to aggrieved women [especially cruelty] and remove doubts as to effect of the renunciation of Islam by married women on her marriage. This law is applicable to all schools of Islam.
In Fazal Mohammad V Ummatur Rahim ,it was held that this act does not abrogate the general principles of Mohammadan Law. Therefore, it is very clear ,it must be shown that the husband was under a legal duty to provide such maintenance .
Grounds for Decree for Dissolution of Muslim Marriage under Section 2:
A woman married under Muslim law shall be entitled to obtain a decree for the dissolution of her marriage on any one or more of the following grounds, namely:
she,having been given in marriage by her father or other guardianbefore she attained the age of fifteen years., repudiated the marriagebefore attaining the age of eighteen years;Provide that the marriage has not been consummated;
The husband treats her with cruelty
6.GCV Subba Rao.Family Law in India.